The Inside-Out Project aimed at examining in how far and why non-traditional modes of co-operation that have emerged in internal policy-making in the first place actually transcend the circle of the member states and find entry into institutionalised forms of co-operation with third countries. With its focus on new modes of governance in the EUís external relations, this project contributed an external view to the integrated project. By looking at the extension of new modes of governance to third countries we managed to provide new analytical insights in the conditions for their emergence, their functioning and their impact in comparison with traditional, more hierarchical forms of governance which would presume EU membership. This allowed us to assess more precisely the specific meaning of the non-membership in the context of the governance debate.
This project studied EU relations in the six sector-seven country design, with the countries belonging to three regions in the EUís near abroad (Maghreb: Morocco and Tunisia, Eastern Europe: Ukraine and Moldavia; Russia as not ENP-country; Western Europe: Switzerland and Norway as not ENP countries). The new modes of governance in six major policy fields: drugs, organized crime, environment, transport, research, asylum & migration, police & judicial cooperation. Although varying with regard to the traditional modes of policy making applied, all that policy fields have seen the introduction of new modes of governance in recent years and have developed a significant external dimension.