The main goal of the project was to examine the political, organisational and social conditions necessary for a successful implementation of new modes of governance in new member states of the EU. The question posed was how the main features of NMG (such as informal and non-hierarchical structures, reliance on bargaining, dialogue, benchmarking and peer review, naming and shaming, to name but a few) are compatible with the political and organizational cultures CEE countries. These cultures had been to a large extent shaped in the period of communist rule but have evolved since 1989 in the process of democratisation, transition to market economy and – last but not least – EU adjustment. The project examined the modes of governance which have emerged in the wake of transition, focusing attention on such organizational and institutional solutions, which bear close resemblance to NMG. In particular, it looked at the development of NMG in the areas relevant for the implementation of acquis or – more broadly – the convergence with the ‘European social model.’ This allowed the researchers to draw conclusions as to the potential reception of NMG in CEE countries as well as develop recommendations concerning the conditions which have to be created and changes to be made for their successful implementation.